We talk about water to talk about the environment
When we talk about the environment, we are basically referring to three areas, the water cycle, waste and the environment, in which the Barcelona Metropolitan Area currently has competence both in management and in its legislative capacity.
Water is a non-infinite common good that must be preserved to guarantee the continuity of the life cycle, the water cycle being a vital process for the maintenance and stability of the planet.
Water cycle in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area
The AMB has competence regarding the Water Cycle in:
- Domiciliary supply of drinking water or downstream supply.
- Sanitation of the water collected for use.
- Sewage Treatment.
- Regeneration of purified water for other uses.
- Coordination of municipal sanitation and sewerage systems.
- Rate regulation.
Regarding waste management and everything, and that the Society is increasingly aware of the importance of recycling for the conservation and maintenance of the Environment and biodiversity, we are still far from the objectives set by the European Union.
According to EU guidelines for 2020, a municipal selective collection rate of 50% should have been achieved. This index has only been achieved by 9 municipalities in the Metropolitan Area (3% of the total population), with the average of the AMB at 38%. It is worth noting the importance of continuing to work in this area if we want to achieve the 70% limit set by the EU by 2030.
In the area of Waste, the AMB intervenes in a competent way in:
- Treatment of municipal waste and works as well as their recovery and disposal of non-recyclable waste.
- Coordination of municipal collection systems.
- Choice and selection of packaging.
At the Environmental level, the role of the AMB is of vital importance as the Metropolitan Area is a space of high population and industrial density, with the policies applied having a direct impact on the environment. In the same way, these policies must also take into account the private company so that the legislation is feasible with the productive and economic fabric of the Sector.
Thus, environmental policies must be innovated and applied in such a way that they comply with the European Commission’s roadmap “A low carbon economy by 2050” applying the package of measures on climate and energy by 2030 and doing so collaboratively and gradually taking into account the Private Sector.
Environmental Competencies at the AMB
Competences of the AMB in Environment:
- Metropolitan action plan for the protection of the environment, health and biodiversity and the fight against climate change.
- Noise pollution and emission of environmental reports.
- Municipal collaboration in environmental management policies.
- Promotion and management of renewable energy installation.
Taking a first photo of the situation of the Metropolitan Area and the current competencies of the AMB, from BDF we believe it is necessary to promote the Barcelona Metropolitan Area as a superior entity with legislative and management capacity to efficiently serve an area made up of 36 municipalities and 636 km2 with a population of more than 3 million inhabitants.
This management will only be possible to give it efficiently through the formula of the mixed management of public-private collaboration, understanding it as “the different forms of cooperation between public authorities and the business world, whose objective is to guarantee financing, construction, renovation, management or the maintenance of an infrastructure or the provision of a service ”(according to the Green Book of the European Commission); In this way, it is possible to unite the capacities and virtues of the two sectors for the common good, which is none other than having a quality service, self-sufficient, sustainable and respectful with the environment.